What is CPAP?

There are two different devices that can be used to treat sleep apnoea: continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and bilevel positive airway pressure machines. CPAP works by blowing pressurized air at a constant pressure through a patient’s airway. This helps prevent the throat from collapsing.


What is Sleep Apnoea?

Sleep apnoea is a common sleep disorder that affects about one in every fifteen people. It arises when a person’s breathing during sleep is interrupted. It may happen once or even multiple times in one night. This condition is dangerous because it means that the brain and other parts of the body will not get enough oxygen.

Sleep apnoea comes in two forms: obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and central sleep apnoea, with the former being more common than the latter. OSA happens when the airway passage is blocked by collapsed soft tissue found in the back of the throat.

If left untreated for a long time, it can cause other conditions such as stroke, high blood pressure, depression, diabetes, headaches, heart failure and irregular heartbeats. Because the body is not being supplied with enough oxygen and their brain is experiencing disrupted quality sleep, a person often feels sluggish leading to poor performance in daily activities. Hence, necessitating treatment using a CPAP Machine.


Features of a CPAP Machine

A CPAP machine is very simple and easy to use. It’s made up of three parts:

  • CPAP motor – This is a very small compressor which draws in air and pressurizes it, thus delivering the right amount of air pressure that’s needed to clear your throat. Newer versions of CPAP devices come with a water tank which helps in adding moisture to the air a patient breathes in. These particular versions are ideal for people living in dry

  • CPAP hoses – This is a device that delivers pressurized air from the motor to the mask. The standard length for these hoses is 6 feet, although the diameter varies depending on the kind of machine you are using. Newer versions of these machines come with heated hoses that help in preventing moisture condensation caused by the humidifiers.

  • CPAP mask – This part of the machine varies depending on the preferences of the user; hence they are available in different shapes and sizes. There are three types of masks you can choose from: nasal masks, full face masks and nasal pillows. It is very important that you choose a mask that is comfortable enough for you.

Results to Expect After Using CPAP

Such a machine can produce various benefits:

  • You will find that you no longer snore or have any breathing obstructions.

  • If you were suffering from high blood pressure, you will find your blood pressure levels significantly reduced.

  • The grogginess and fatigue you experienced as a result of sleep apnoea will be gone. Instead, you will find yourself more alert throughout the day.

  • CPAP helps in eliminating any chances you had of developing a heart attack or stroke.

  • Because your breathing is no longer obstructed, you will find that your quality of sleep has improved greatly.


There are numerous options to choose from when it comes to CPAP and BIPAP Machines; but the leading brands are Resmed (Airsense 10 machine), Philips, Respironics (Dreamstation), Devilbiss Healthcare and Transcend, Fisher and Paykel Healthcare (Icon+), Resmed (Lumis Machines), and Philips Respironics ( BiPAP Auto and BIPAP Auto SV Advanced).